Modernism and romanticism

Modernism - Art Noveau - in Penedès

Since the economic recovery in Penedès, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, after the collapse of the phylloxera plague, comes a time of prosperity. Wealthy agricultural owners, merchants and bourgeois began to comission new buildings following the architectural trends of the cultural movement that was developing in Catalonia: modernism, also known as art-noveau, with Antoni Gaudí being, without a doubt, its most famous and celebrated representative.

Architects of great importance, such as Puig i Cadafalch, Antoni Pons and Santiago Güell, among others, were responsible for building some of these great architectural works in order to modernize spaces and materials, and give new momentum to the Catalan culture. In Penedès, one can find modernist constructions and art in houses, religious works and functional buildings, such as factories and wineries.

Vilafranca del Penedès, Sant Sadurní d'Anoia and Gelida have routes to admire the different modernist style houses, which can be done within a guided tour and also on your own.

You can also visit great works such as the Cau Ferrat Museum in Sitges, a temple of modernism founded by Santiago Rusiñol, or the Conjunt Monumental de Sa Roca, with the restoration of Puig and Cadafalch in the Romanesque church of Santa Maria inside the castle.

If you want to see the trace of this movement within the Penedès Wine Route, you should visit the exceptional architectural work of Puig i Cadafalch in Codorníu. The building symbolizes the fruitful alliance between nature and human labor, and is a stone tribute to the silence of cava.

You can also contemplate this movement in the Ludens winery, where the Masía Grabuach is located, dating from 1747, which was remodeled in 1920 by the prestigious architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch in the modernist style. Freixenet, Mascaró and Oriol Rossell are good examples the impact of Catalan modernism on the construction of wineries.



Romanticism, a cultural movement that happened at the same time as modernism, is closely related to the phenomenon of the Indians, also called the Americanos by locals. These early entrepreneurs, enriched by trade with the Americas, returned to renovate their homes according to their economic position, leaving an important mark mainly in the Garraf region, where most of the palaces of Romanticism are located. Splendid mansions with opulent ballrooms, tapestries, libraries, music rooms and neoclassical and French-style gardens are true symbols of the economic and social power of the owners.

Activitats relacionades

Vilafranca del Penedès
Vilafranca del Penedès Tourism Office


Main attractions

Interactive space with audiovisual resources where we explain the town's history, Fil.loxera and Cava.
The permanent exhibition at the VINSEUM is dedicated to the vineyard and wine, and the close connection these have with the Penedès region and Catalonia. Your journey starts on the third floor of the Royal Palace and ends with a cava or wine tasting in the tavern of the museum.
The Museum is located in the original installations of the steam locomotive depot of Vilanova i la Geltrú, some railway constructions done between the
The Castle of the Holy Cross is a fortified area from the medieval period, first documented in 1037

Where to go


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What to do in Penedès


Vilafranca del Penedès
29th August- 2nd September
Sant Cugat Sesgarrigues
Once a month
Pau Casals Museum
30 July, 1 August
Pau Casals Museum
16 August

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